KONTAMINASI PARASIT USUS PADA ASINAN SAYURAN MENTAH YANG DIJUAL OLEH PEDAGANG KELILING DI DAERAH TANGERANG SELATAN, BANTEN

  • Widiastuti S Manan
  • Lisawati Susanto
  • Agus Aulung
  • Rizal Subahar
  • Ade Siti Maemunah
  • Suriptiastuti Suriptiastuti

Abstract

ABSTRAK: Konsumsi sayuran mentah memainkan peranan epidemilogi yang penting dalam penularan penyakit parasit yang berasal dari makanan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui penyebaran  parasit usus manusia di dalam air asinan sayuran mentah  yang dijual oleh pedagang, di Tangerang Selatan, Banten. Rancangan penelitian ini , yaitu lintang sewaktu dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret-Mei 2014. Sampel adalah kuah (air) asinan dari asinan sayuran yang  mengaandung asam asetat (CH3COOH) dan dikumpulkan secara acak dari pedagang asinan di 5 wilayah Tangeang  Selatan, yaitu  Ciputat, Pamulang, Pondok Aren, Pondok Benda, dan Serpong. Air asinan disaring dan disentrifus 2500 rpm selama 5 menit untuk mendapatkan sedimen  stadium parasit usus tersebut. Sedimen tersebut diperiksa langsung di bawah mikroskop dengan pewarnaan lugol. Asinan  sayuran terebut terdiri dari kol,  tauge dan wortel. Dari 30 sampel air asinan, semua sampel positif parasit usus (30/30, 100%).  Angka prevalensi parasit usus yaitu 26,7% di Pondok Aren, 26,1%  Pondok Benda, 16,8% Ciputat, 15,7% Serpong, and 14,8% Pamulang. Selain itu, telur Ascaris lumbricoides sebesar 78,1%,  telur Trichuris trichiura 20,1%, telur cacing tambang 1,8%, kista Entamoeba histolytica 62,8%, kista E. coli 9,1%, dan kista Giardia lamblia 28,1%. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa  parasit usus pada manusia tersebut tersebar luas di wilayah Tangerang Selatan, Banten.Kata kunci: asinan sayur mentah, parasit usus manusia, Tangerang Selatan ABSTRACT: Consumption of raw vegetables plays a major epidemiological role in the transmission of parasitic food-borne diseases. The aim of this study was to know the distribution of the human  intestinal parasites in  water of pickled raw vegetables which were sold by vendors,  in  Southern Tangerang, Banten. A study, cross-sectional design, was undertaken in March to May 2014. The samples were water  of pickled raw vegetables, contained vinegar solution (Acetic acid, CH3COOH), and were randomly collected from vendors in 5 areas in Southern Tangerang, namely Ciputat, Pamulang, Pondok Aren, Pondok Benda, and Serpong. The pickling water was filtered and centrifuged, 2500 rpm for 5 minutes, to obtain sediments of the intestinal parasitic stages. The sediments were direct examined by lugol’s stain..The raw vegetable pickles consisted of cabbage, bean sprouts, and carrot. Of 30 samples, all samples were positive intestinal parasites (30/30, 100%). The prevalence rates of the  intestinal parasites were 26.7% in Pondok Aren, 26.1%  Pondok Benda, 16.8% Ciputat, 15.7% Serpong,, and 14.8% Pamulang. In addition,  Ascaris lumbricoides eggs were 78.1%, Trichuris trichiura eggs 20.1%, hookworm eggs 1.8%, Entamoeba histolytica cysts 62.8%, E. coli cysts 9.1%, and Giardia lamblia cysts 28.1%.This study concluded that the human intestinal parasites were widely distributed in  Southern Tangerang, Banten.Key words:  raw vegetable pickle, human intestinal parasite, South Tangerang.
Published
2018-02-02
Section
Artikel