GANGGUAN OBSTRUKSI DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN AKIBAT PAJANAN GAS BUANG KENDARAAN PADA PEKERJA PARKIR DI PUSAT PERBELANJAAN DI JAKARTA
Keywords: impaired pulmonary obstruction, vehicle exhaust gas
AbstractResearch in Toronto Canada mentions the relationship between vehicle exhaust with respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, COPD, pneumonia and upper respiratory tract. In this study looked at pulmonary obstruction disorders as well as other factors due to vehicle exhaust exposure. This study design was Cross Sectional using primary data involving 66 people. Assessment Pulmonary obstruction using spirometry as well as measurement of vehicle exhaust gas took exposure to SO2, NO2, and CO chemicals. Univariate analysis of data is presented in the form of frequency distribution. Bivariate analysis used Chi Square test with p < 0,05. Multivariate analysis used logistic regression test Pulmonary obstruction disorder was 22.7% (15 people). The result of Chi Square analysis showed significant relationship between age with pulmonary obstruction disorder (p = 0,012, OR = 4,875) and smoking habit (p = 0,027; OR = 8,313). Factors that have no significant association with pulmonary obstruction are education, occupational, PPE, Temperature, Ventilation, moderate and mild smoking, and p > 0,05. The result of logistic regression analysis shows that smoking habit factor is dominant risk factor with p=0,026; OR adj=16,046 and R2=0,208. Pulmonary obstruction disorder was 22.7%, the significant factors are age and smoking. and the dominant risk factor is smoking habit.